Madonna is celebrating her 60th birthday, following a long career of reinvention and controversy.
The US pop provocateur continues to make a mark on music, fashion, film and pop culture but will celebrate her milestone birthday in a different role – as a supportive mother.
She recently moved to Portugal so her youngest son David, 12, who she adopted from Malawi, can attend a soccer academy.
It is likely she will celebrate the occasion there with her children, including twins Estere and Stella, who she also adopted from Malawi, and daughter Mercy James.
She is also mother to daughter Lourdes, with her ex Carlos Leon, and son Rocco John, whose father is her former husband Guy Ritchie.
She has been anticipating her birthday on Instagram, where she has been posting photos counting down to the big day.
After bursting into the public consciousness with her first international top 10 hit Holiday in 1983, Madonna became one of the most influential women in the world and her music videos, spawned many of the fashion trends of the 1980s.
Like A Virgin, released in 1984, was the first album by a woman to sell more than five million copies in the US. Its controversial title track and accompanying video spawned the kind of scandal Madonna would become famous for.
Conservative groups complained the song promoted pre-marital sex – which was also the criticism levied at her song Papa Don’t Preach – but her performance of the song at the MTV Music Video Awards, in which she wore a wedding dress and writhed suggestively on the floor, went down in MTV history.
It would not be the last time she left audiences aghast at her antics on an awards show stage.
In 1998 she returned to the VMAs stage to perform Ray Of Light with a Hindu-themed rendition complete with holy markings on her face, but angered the World Vaishnava Association, which objected to the explicit routine.
At the same ceremony in 2003, she caused scandal again when she kissed both Britney Spears and Christina Aguilera on stage.
Her Like A Prayer music video featured burning crosses and a black Jesus and it sparked outrage from religious groups, while the Justify My Love video, which was considered to be close to pornographic, was banned by MTV.